Form 210: Income tax for non-residents
Today in our article we will talk about the income tax for non-residents, which is defined as the tax that imposed on the acquisition of income by foreigners, focusing
on the modality of tax in which non-residents act without permanent establishment, that is to say, form 210.
Because of the importance of this tax and the general ignorance between non-residents about their tax obligations, we offer you a global explanation of the form 210
(deadline for submission, the differential treatment between non-resident in Spain but resident in a State member of the EU and non-resident outside the EU.
Form 210, concept
As we have commented , the form 210 is the form through which non-residents are taxed for the obtention of income in Spanish territory without permanent
Among the different incomes considered to have been obtained in Spanish territory and who are regulated in article 13 of Income Tax for non-residents Law (hereinafter
L.IRNR) we will focus on sections g) and h) relating to monetary income or in kind derived directly or indirectly from immovable property situated in Spain or from their property rights and imputed
income to natural persons owning immovable property situated in Spanish territory.
Taxation for imputed income of urban property
Suppose that a person owns an urban property located in Spain and uses it for his own use (which means that it is empty). This person must be subject to income tax of
non-residents and submit form 210 for the imputed rent relating to those properties.
The calculation of the taxable amount that will correspond to these yields will be determined according to the IRPF regulations. Therefore, it will be calculated as
rent, the amount resulting from applying the corresponding % on the cadastral value of the property indicates on the IBI(SUMA) receipt, being 1,1% in the buildings whose cadastral value has been
revised or modified and entered in forcé in the tax period or within the ten previous tax periods and 2% in the rest of the buildings.
Once the table amount is obtained, that amount will be the amount for which it will be taxed after applying the corresponding tax rate because it is not
allowed to deduct any expense.
On the other hand, unless otherwise stated, it is understood that the amount of taxable amount refers to the calendar year, reducing proportionally to the number of
days of not having been the holder during the whole of said period.
Another important issue is the tax rate that it has to be appplied for the obtention of those rents, distinguishing since 2015 between non-residents in Spain but
residents in the EU (plus Iceland and Norway) and non-resident outside the EU. In the first cas, the applicable rate is 19% and in the second case the rate is 24%,
The deadline for presentation of model 210 for these returns will be the calendar year following the date of accrual (December 31). That is, the form 210 corresponding
to the year 2018, can be presented in a voluntary term until December 31, 2019.
Taxation for income derived from the rental properties
Now suppose that the same person that we mentioned above is the owner of a property located in Spain but has rented this property. In this case as in the previous one,
the persona must be subject to income tax of non-residents and fill the form 210 for the income obtained with the rent.
It is important to have into account that the taxable income will be taxed separately, which means that, it has to be presented a form 210 each time that the property
is leased, distinguishing if the lease is total, that is, if the leased during all the year or if it is partial, that is, it is only leased in certain periods. In addition, it will not be posible to
compensate the losses derived from the lease of certain periods with the profits of the other periods. With all this, we want to make clear that the taxation must be done operation by operation.
In this case, the calculation of the taxable amount corresponds to the full amount received by the lessor, including all goods delivered with the property. However, be
careful because taxpayers residents in another EU State, the amount of the taxable amount can be deducted from the expenses provided by IRPF Law, but it has to be proved that they are related
directly with the income obtained in Spain and the existence of a drect and inseprable economic link with the activity that is carried out in Spain. In order to be able to deduct these
expenses, it will be necessary to accompany the tax return with a tax residence certifícate in the corresponding EU State issued by the tax authorities of this State.
Unless otherwise stated, it is understood that the property is rented throughout the year, but if not, the taxable amount will be calculated as indicated in the
previous paragraph, being reduced proportionately for the months that the property has been rented. In all other cases, the proportional part of the imputed rent must be found (1,1% in case of
revision or modification of the cadastral value or 2% otherwise).
Once the taxable amount is obtained, it is important to know the tax rate that has to be applied to these situations, which again since 2015 distinguishes between
non-residents in Spain but residents in the EU (plus Iceland and Norway) and non-resident outside the EU. In the first cas, the applicable rate is 19% and in the second case the rate is 24%,
Applied the tax rate to the taxable amount, we will obtain the tax quota.
The deadline to submit the form 210 for these returns is quarterly, which means that, must be made between the first twenty calendar days of the months of April, July
October and January (until day 15 for the domiciliation), referring to incomes whose date of accrual is included in the previous calendar quarter. Therefore, to present the form 210 for example for
leases of the first quarter of the year (until March), will be until April 20 or April 15 if it is done through domiciliation to be able to present it.
If you need any futher information about this matter do not hesitate to contact us.